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Journal of biotechnology

Continuous asymmetric ketone reduction processes with recombinant Escherichia coli.


PMID 17826859

Abstract

The reduction of methyl acetoacetate was carried out in continuously operated biotransformation processes catalyzed by recombinant Escherichia coli cells expressing an alcohol dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus brevis. Three different cell types were applied as biocatalysts in three different cofactor regeneration approaches. Both processes with enzyme-coupled cofactor regeneration catalyzed by formate dehydrogenase or glucose dehydrogenase are characterized by a rapid deactivation of the biocatalyst. By contrast the processes with substrate-coupled cofactor regeneration by alcohol dehydrogenase catalyzed oxidation of 2-propanol could be run over a period of 7 weeks with exceedingly high substrate and cosubstrate concentrations of up to 2.5 and 2.8 mol L(-1), respectively. Even under these extreme conditions, the applied biocatalyst showed a good stability with only marginal leakage of intracellular cofactors.

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