The Journal of biological chemistry

A peptide derived from tenascin-C induces beta1 integrin activation through syndecan-4.

PMID 17901052


Tenascin-C (TN-C) is unique for its cell adhesion modulatory function. We have shown that TNIIIA2, a synthetic 22-mer peptide derived from TN-C, stimulated beta1 integrin-mediated cell adhesion of nonadherent and adherent cell types, by inducing activation of beta1 integrin. The active site of TNIIIA2 appeared cryptic in the TN-C molecule but was exposed by MMP-2 processing of TN-C. The following results suggest that cell surface heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan (HSPG), including syndecan-4, participated in TNIIIA2-induced beta1 integrin activation: 1) TNIIIA2 bound to cell surface HSPG via its HS chains, as examined by photoaffinity labeling; 2) heparitinase I treatment of cells abrogated beta1 integrin activation induced by TNIIIA2; 3) syndecan-4 was isolated by affinity chromatography using TNIIIA2-immobilized beads; 4) small interfering RNA-based down-regulation of syndecan-4 expression reduced TNIIIA2-induced beta1 integrin activation, and consequent cell adhesion to fibronectin; 5) overexpression of syndecan-4 core protein enhanced TNIIIA2-induced activation of beta1 integrin. However, treatments that targeted the cytoplasmic region of syndecan-4, including ectopic expression of its mutant truncated with the cytoplasmic domains and treatment with protein kinase Calpha inhibitor Gö6976, did not influence the TNIIIA2 activity. These results suggest that a TNIIIA2-related matricryptic site of the TN-C molecule, exposed by MMP-2 processing, may have bound to syndecan-4 via its HS chains and then induced conformational change in beta1 integrin necessary for its functional activation. A lateral interaction of beta1 integrin with the extracellular region of the syndecan-4 molecule may be involved in this conformation change.

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SML1472 TNIIIA2 trifluoroacetate salt, ≥95% (HPLC)
C103H173N31O31S · xC2HF3O2