Development of immunoassays for human interleukin 3 and interleukin 4, some of which discriminate between different recombinant DNA-derived molecules.

PMID 1790303


Two panels of hybridomas were produced that secreted monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against recombinant DNA-derived human interleukin 3 and interleukin 4 (rhIL-3 and rhIL-4). From each panel, sensitive immunoradiometric assays (IRMAs) were developed which were capable of detecting the recombinant molecule used as the immunogen but were unable to recognize natural or other recombinant forms of the same cytokine. Subsequent studies using the MAbs from each panel showed that a number of the MAbs appeared only to recognize that particular recombinant molecule used as immunogen, with little or no binding to other recombinant forms of the molecule. By using MAbs that were found to be unrestricted in their recognition for different recombinant forms of the cytokines, it was possible to develop an IRMA for IL-4 that was capable of detecting natural IL-4 as well as all the recombinant forms equally. An IRMA was also developed for IL-3 but was not of equivalent sensitivity in detecting the different recombinant forms of IL-3 used in the study. The recombinant DNA-derived cytokine molecules used to raise the two panels of MAbs contained amino acid substitutions relative to the natural sequences, and these findings indicate that caution should be exercised when using immunoassays to estimate natural sequence molecules if antibodies raised to modified rDNA-derived molecules are used.