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European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V

Evaluation of brain-targeting for the nasal delivery of ergoloid mesylate by the microdialysis method in rats.


PMID 17945473

Abstract

The aim of this study was to quantify the nasal delivery of ergoloid mesylate (EM) to the brain by comparing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma EM levels after nasal administration at a dose of 4 mg/kg with those after intravenous administration. Following nasal delivery, EM reached a Cmax value (mean+/-SD) in plasma of 348.41+/-19.47 ng/ml and in CSF of 87.35+/-6.37 ng/ml after 107 and 20 min, respectively, while after intravenous injection, EM reached a Cmax value (mean+/-S.D.) in CSF of 54.81+/-4.92 ng/ml at 60 min and the Cmax in plasma was 1255.51+/-133.59 ng/ml. The AUC(CSF)/AUC plasma ratio (0.48+/-0.05) after intranasal delivery differed greatly from the ratio (0.14+/-0.04) observed after intravenous injection (P<0.05). The further analyzed data demonstrated a statistically significant distribution advantage of EM to the brain via the nasal route, and further suggesting that nasal administration can be a promising alternative for EM that undergoes first-pass metabolism following oral administration.

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