The Journal of biological chemistry

Regulation of anti-atherogenic apolipoprotein M gene expression by the orphan nuclear receptor LRH-1.

PMID 17977826


The orphan nuclear receptor liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1, NR5A2) has been reported to play a crucial role in early development, in the control of the hepatic inflammatory response, in intestinal cell crypt renewal as well as in bile acid biosynthesis and reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). Here, we report the identification of apolipoprotein M (APOM) as a novel target gene for LRH-1. Using gene-silencing experiments, adenovirus-mediated overexpression, transient transfection, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays, it is shown that LRH-1 directly regulates human and mouse APOM transcription by binding to an LRH-1 response element located in the proximal APOM promoter region. In addition, we demonstrate that bile acids suppress APOM expression in a SHP-dependent manner in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting LRH-1 transcriptional activity on the APOM promoter as demonstrated by in vivo ChIP assay. Taken together, our results demonstrate that LRH-1 is a novel regulator of APOM transcription and further extend the role of this orphan nuclear receptor in lipoprotein metabolism and cholesterol homeostasis.