Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology

Monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) as a liver function test in cirrhosis.

PMID 17986743


To compare the performance of monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) test and conventional liver function tests (LFT) in differentiating between healthy volunteers and patients with different severity of liver cirrhosis, as judged using Child-Pugh (CP) classification. One hundred and four patients with cirrhosis (CP class A, 47; B, 32; C, 25) and 25 healthy volunteers were studied between January 2005 to June 2006. In these subjects, conventional LFT were done, and serum specimens collected 15, 30 and 60 minutes after lidocaine injection were analyzed for MEGX. Conventional liver function tests showed minor differences between healthy volunteers and patients with Child class A, whereas these discriminated well between patients with Child class C and healthy volunteers. The changes in ALT, AST, bilirubin, albumin, AP and PT values were statistically significant in CP class B and C but not in class A when compared with healthy volunteers. MEGX concentration at 60 min was significantly higher in healthy volunteers (131.2 ng/mL) as compared to patients with cirrhosis (CP A - 51.3 ng/mL; CP B - 37.1 ng/mL; CP C - 17.3 ng/mL). There were significant differences (p <0.001) among all four groups (healthy volunteers and patients with CP classes A, B and C) for MEGX concentrations at each time point. MEGX test correlated well with CP scores (p <0.0001). MEGX test is a useful marker to stratify patients with liver cirrhosis based on liver function.

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MEGX, ≥95% (HPLC)