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Shokuhin eiseigaku zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan

[Simultaneous determination of dichlorvos, trichlorfon and naled in fruits and vegetables by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry].


PMID 18027546

Abstract

A method for simultaneous determination of Dichlorvos (DDVP), Trichlorfon (DEP) and Naled (BRP) in fruits and vegetables by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) was developed. Pesticides were extracted with ethyl acetate together with phosphoric acid and anhydrous sodium sulfate, followed by an ENVI-Carb cartridge cleanup. Phosphoric acid prevented BRP from being converted to DDVP during extraction of pesticides from the sample. When the sample was dissolved in acetonitrile in a silanized glass vial, BRP and DEP remained intact. Mass spectral acquisition was performed with a TurbolonSpray (ESI) interface in the positive mode by applying multiple reaction monitoring. In LC separation, an ODS column was used with acetic acid-ammonium acetate-methanol as a mobile phase. Recoveries from 8 fruits and vegetables at the fortification level of 0.1 microg/g were 75.0-91.8% for BRP, 70.2-88.9% for DDVP, and 77.3-92.1% for DEP. The detection limits of BRP, DDVP and DEP were 1, 2 and 2 ng/g, respectively.

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