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Journal of endodontics

Inferior alveolar nerve damage because of overextended endodontic material: a problem of sealer cement biocompatibility?


PMID 18037065

Abstract

Damage to the inferior alveolar nerve is a relatively infrequent complication in dental practice. When root canal treatment of a lower molar or premolar surpasses and/or overextends beyond the apical foramen and invades the periapical zone, the foreign material introduced within such a sensitive anatomical space may mechanically or even chemically affect the inferior alveolar nerve. We describe a case of endodontic treatment of a permanent right lower first molar in which the sealer cement overextended in large amounts and damaged the right inferior alveolar nerve. The condition reverted a few months after the surgical removal of the material. Evaluation of the removed material, using powder x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy with coupled dispersive energy spectroscopy, showed it to consist of calcium tungstate (scheelite [CaWO4]) and zirconium oxide (baddeleyite [ZrO2]), which were chemical components of the sealer cement.

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248665
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