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Experimental gerontology

Altered oxidant-mediated intraneuronal zinc mobilization in a triple transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.


PMID 18068923

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is responsible for the most common form of dementia among elderly people. Signature features of the AD brain are intra/extracellular deposits of beta-amyloid (Abeta) and neurofibrillary tangles composed of hyperphosphorylated tau. Recent evidence indicates that in AD altered Zn(2+) homeostasis can play an important role in the development of the disease as the cation promotes Abeta oligomerization and plaque formation. In this study, we investigated whether intraneuronal Zn(2+) homeostasis is affected by known "pro-AD factors" such as mutant forms of the amyloid precursor (APP), presenilin-1 (PS1), and tau proteins. Oxidative stress is a potent trigger for mobilization of intracellular free Zn(2+) ([Zn(2+)](i)) and we therefore evaluated ROS-driven [Zn(2+)](i) rises in neurons obtained from triple transgenic AD mice (3xTg-AD) that express mutant APP, PS1 and tau. In this study, [Zn(2+)](i) rises triggered by prolonged exposure to the membrane-permeant oxidizing agent 2,2'-dithiodipyridine were found to be significantly higher in 3xTg-AD neurons when compared to control cultures, suggesting that neuronal expression of pro-AD factors can facilitate altered Zn(2+) homeostasis.

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