Analytica chimica acta

Development of an aminocarboxylic acid-modified infrared chemical sensor for selective determination of tyrosine in urine.

PMID 18082655


An infrared (IR) chemical sensor based on immobilization of an acidified tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (ATAA) for the detection of tyrosine in urine is described. The sensing phase (i.e., coating) was saturated with nickel ions so that it would interact with tyrosine molecules in aqueous solution through the formation of stable ATAA-Ni2+-tyrosine complexes. Investigation of the signals of nine amino acids shows that only the three containing phenyl groups could be detected by this sensor system. A unique spectral feature located at 1515 cm(-1) allowed tyrosine to be discriminated from the other two amino acids. To examine the performance of the ATAA sensing phase in the quantitative analysis of tyrosine, the effects of several factors were examined. pH affected the ability of tyrosine to form complexes; the optimal signal occurred at ca. pH 8. The concentration of ammonia buffer also affected the analytical signals through a competition effect; lower concentrations of ammonia buffer provided higher intensity signals. It was found that nickel ions are the most useful for detection of tyrosine. Although the concentration of nickel ions had less influence on the analytical signal than did the concentration of the ammonia buffer, the signal intensity was optimal when the nickel ions and the target molecule had similar concentrations. The detected time profiles indicated that the ATAA sensor phase functioned via a surface adsorption mechanism. The linear range of signal intensities was up to 600 microM with a detection limit of 30 microM.

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Tris(2-aminoethyl)amine, 96%