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Cancer letters

Metabolism of resveratrol in breast cancer cell lines: impact of sulfotransferase 1A1 expression on cell growth inhibition.


PMID 18082939

Abstract

Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound present in grapes and wine with anticancer activities that undergoes pronounced metabolism in humans. In order to determine whether metabolism of resveratrol also occurs in tumor cells and whether biotransformation has any impact on cytotoxicity, metabolism experiments were conducted with hormone-dependent ZR-75-1 and hormone-independent MB-MDA-231 human breast cancer cells. Along with resveratrol, it was possible to identify one metabolite, namely, resveratrol-3-O-sulfate in both cell lines. Its concentration in the cytoplasm and culture medium was 5.4- to 9-fold higher in ZR-75-1 cells than in MDA-MB-231 cells, concomitant with a 3.1-fold higher IC(50) value in the ZR-75-1 cell line (74 microM compared to 38 microM). By using RT-PCR, expression of sulfotransferase (SULT)1A1 mRNA, but not of other SULTs investigated, showed a close correlation with resveratrol 3-O-sulfate formation which was particularly high in ZR-75-1 and very low in MDA-MD-231 cells. In conclusion, we demonstrate that SULT1A1-based biotransformation reduces the anticancer activity of resveratrol in breast cancer cells, which must be considered in humans following oral uptake of dietary resveratrol as a chemopreventive agent.

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ZR-75-1, 87012601