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Pharmaceutical research

The stereospecific determination of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine enantiomers in human plasma by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection.


PMID 1808619

Abstract

A quantitative method for the simultaneous HPLC resolution and detection of the enantiomers of (R,S) fluoxetine (F) and their metabolites (R,S) norfluoxetine (N) in human plasma has been developed. F is a serotonin uptake inhibitor used in the treatment of depression and is administered as a racemate. After liquid-liquid extraction and derivatization with (R) napthyl ethyl isocyanate (NEI), the separation and detection of the resultant diasteriomers were achieved using normal phase HPLC and fluorescence. The four NEI diastereomers and the internal standard [(-)-N-methyl-gamma-(2-methylphenoxy) benzenepropanamine hydrochloride], representing the enantiomers S-F, R-F, S-N, and R-N were resolved within 15 min. The assay for each analyte was linear using two concentration ranges of 1-10 and 10-500 ng/ml of human plasma. The precision and accuracy are reported as the coefficient of variation (%CV) and relative error (%RE). The sum of the chiral HPLC results from plasma samples were compared to the achiral gas chromatographic/electron capture (GC/EC) results. The correlation between these two methods, for total F and N, resulted in r2 values of 0.98 and 0.89, respectively. The chiral HPLC method is currently being applied to clinical studies for the evaluation of the enantiomeric disposition of F.