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Journal of separation science

Optimization of HPLC-APCI-MS conditions for the qualitative and quantitative determination of total solanesol in tobacco leaves.


PMID 18095290

Abstract

HPLC coupled online with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization MS (APCI-MS) technique was evaluated for the qualitative and quantitative determination of solanesol in extracts of tobacco leaves. The solanesol and other compounds in the extract were separated on an Alltima C(8) (4.6 mm x 250 mm) column with methanol and water (98:2 v/v) as mobile phase, with flow rate of 0.8 mL/min and UV detection wavelength of 211 nm. In the APCI(+) mode, abundant stable [M-H(2)O + H](+) ion (m/z at 613.5) was observed, with low abundance of other fragmentation ions. A comparison of APCI-MS and ESI-MS techniques showed that APCI mode is more sensitive than ESI mode, and thus better suited for solanesol analysis. When comparing UV 211 nm and APCI-MS in SIM for solanesol quantification, the former offered better precision and reproducibility, but the latter was more than 200 times sensitive in detection. The developed method has been successfully applied to the analysis and comparison of solanesol concentration in different tobacco leaf samples.

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S8754
Solanesol from tobacco, ≥90% (HPLC)
C45H74O