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International immunopharmacology

Essential role of TM V and VI for binding the C-terminal sequences of Des-Arg-kinins.


PMID 18182241

Abstract

In the kallikrein-kinin and renin-angiotensin systems the main receptors, B1 and B2 (kinin receptors) and AT1 and AT2 (angiotensin receptors) respectively, are seven-transmembrane domain G-protein-coupled receptors. Considering that the B1 agonists Des-Arg9-BK (Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Phe-Ser-Pro-Phe), Lys-desArg9-BK or Des-Arg10-KD (Lys-Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Phe-Ser-Pro-Phe) and the AT1 agonist (Asp-Arg-Val-Tyr-Ile-His-Pro-Phe) have the same two residues at the C-terminal region (i.e. Pro-Phe), we hypothesized that TM V and TM VI of the B1 receptor could play an essential role in agonist binding and activity, being these regions receptor sites for binding the C-terminal sequences of Des-Arg-kinins similarly to that observed to AT1 receptor. To investigate this hypothesis, we replaced Arg212 for Ala at the top of the TM V and the sequence 274-282 (CPYHFFAFL) in TM VI of the rat kinin B1 receptor by the B2 receptor homologous sequence, 289-297 (FPFQISTFL) and subsequently analyzed the consequences of these mutations by competition binding and functional assays. Despite correct expression, observed at the mRNA and protein level by RT-PCR and confocal microscopy, respectively, no agonist binding and function was verified for the mutated receptors. Therefore, our results suggest an important role for Arg212 in the TM V and a region of TM VI of rat B1 receptor in the interaction with the C-terminal residues of Des-Arg-kinins, similar to that observed with AngII.

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