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Nature chemical biology

Genetically encoding N(epsilon)-acetyllysine in recombinant proteins.


PMID 18278036

Abstract

N(epsilon)-acetylation of lysine (1) is a reversible post-translational modification with a regulatory role that rivals that of phosphorylation in eukaryotes. No general methods exist to synthesize proteins containing N(epsilon)-acetyllysine (2) at defined sites. Here we demonstrate the site-specific incorporation of N(epsilon)-acetyllysine in recombinant proteins produced in Escherichia coli via the evolution of an orthogonal N(epsilon)-acetyllysyl-tRNA synthetase/tRNA(CUA) pair. This strategy should find wide applications in defining the cellular role of this modification.

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A4021
Nε-Acetyl-L-lysine
C8H16N2O3