EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Toxicology letters

Early stress response of human nasal respiratory epithelia after exposure to 1-methoxypropanol-2.


PMID 18295416

Abstract

To evaluate the impact of 1-methoxypropanol-2 (MEP) for the stimulation of an inflammatory response in human respiratory mucosa, we exposed 22 primary cell cultures of nasal respiratory epithelia of healthy individuals to MEP concentrations at the level of the German MAK-value (100 ppm) and to the 10-fold concentration (1000 ppm). After 4 and 24h we analyzed the transcription of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, GMCSF, Cox-1 and Cox-2 by quantitative PCR as well as the release of the respective cytokines by ELISA. At both MEP concentrations we observed a significant increase of TNF-alpha-, IL-1beta-, IL-6- and Cox-2-transcripts after 4h. After 24h cytokine transcription of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-6 was normalized, but Cox-2 remained elevated. On the protein level IL-1beta as well as granulocyte macrophages colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were decreased after 4h or 24h and uniquely IL-8 levels were increased after 4h. Our data suggest that MEP induces the transcription of genes encoding proinflammatory cytokines and mediators but largely not translation of those. Considering these in vitro data, existing exposure limits seem to be safe with respect to inflammatory responses of the upper respiratory tract. However, the effects of long-term exposures to MEP should be watched closely.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

65692
1-Methoxy-2-propanol, analytical standard
C4H10O2
484407
1-Methoxy-2-propanol, ≥99.5%
C4H10O2