Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Temporal changes in aroma release of Longjing tea infusion: interaction of volatile and nonvolatile tea components and formation of 2-butyl-2-octenal upon aging.

PMID 18298066


The temporal change in the headspace composition of an aroma model mimicking Longjing green tea aroma was studied in the presence of nonvolatile Longjing green tea constituents. Upon storage at 50 degrees C, the formation of 2-butyl-2-octenal was found, which increased with time. This enal was generated by crotonization of hexanal as demonstrated in model experiments. The formation of 2-butyl-2-octenal was also detected in Longjing tea infusions and Longjing tea leaves upon storage at 50 degrees C. The presence of nonvolatiles induced a strong decrease in aroma release. These effects were mainly due to catechins, major constituents of green tea infusion. Free amino acids, that is, glycine, contributed only to significantly decrease alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl aroma compounds, that is, 1-octen-3-one and geranial. Model reaction containing a mixture of 1-octen-3-one and glycine indicated on the basis of NMR and MS data the formation of the tentatively identified N-1-(3-oxo-octyl)glycine resulting from a 1,4-addition. The perceived aroma of green tea infusion is very likely to be affected by the formation of new aroma compounds and the changes in aroma release affected by interactions with tea nonvolatile components. This deserves further investigations on the sensory level.

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