American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology

Deficient renal 20-HETE release in the diabetic rat is not the result of oxidative stress.

PMID 18326808


We confirmed that release of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) from the isolated perfused kidney of diabetic rats is greatly reduced compared with age-matched control rats. The present studies were undertaken to examine potential mechanisms for the deficit in renal 20-HETE in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes of 3-4 wk duration. A role for oxidative stress was excluded, inasmuch as treatment of diabetic rats with tempol, an SOD mimetic, for 4 wk did not affect the renal release of 20-HETE. Similarly, chronic inhibition of nitric oxide formation with nitro-l-arginine methyl ester or aldose reductase with zopolrestat failed to alter the release of 20-HETE from the diabetic rat kidney. Inasmuch as 20-HETE may be metabolized by cyclooxygenase (COX), the expression/activity of which is increased in diabetes, we included indomethacin in the perfusate of the isolated kidney to inhibit COX but found no effect on 20-HETE release. Diabetic rats were treated for 3 wk with fenofibrate to increase expression of cytochrome P-450 (CYP4A) in an attempt to find an intervention that would restore release of 20-HETE from the diabetic rat kidney. However, fenofibrate reduced 20-HETE release in diabetic and control rat kidneys but increased expression of CYP4A. Only insulin treatment of diabetic rats for 2 wk to reverse the hyperglycemia and maintain blood glucose levels at <200 mg/dl reversed the renal deficit in 20-HETE. We conclude that oxidative stress, increased aldose reductase activity, or increased COX activity does not contribute to the renal deficit of 20-HETE in diabetes, which may be directly related to insulin deficiency.

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Zopolrestat, ≥98% (HPLC)