Antioxidants & redox signaling

Oxidation of myofilament protein sulfhydryl groups reduces the contractile force and its Ca2+ sensitivity in human cardiomyocytes.

PMID 18331201


This study sought to characterize the relation between the oxidation of protein sulfhydryl (SH) groups and Ca2+-activated force production in the human myocardium. Triton-permeabilized left ventricular cardiomyocytes from donor hearts were exposed to an oxidative (2,2'-dithiodipyridine, DTDP) agent in vitro, and the changes in isometric force, its Ca2+ sensitivity, the cross-bridge-sensitive rate constant of force redevelopment at saturating [Ca2+] (k(tr,max)), and protein SH oxidation were monitored. DTDP (0.1-10 mM for 2 min) oxidized the myocardial proteins and diminished the Ca2+-activated force with different concentration dependences (EC(50,SH) = 0.17 +/- 0.02 mM and EC(50,force) = 2.46 +/- 0.22 mM; mean +/- SEM). The application of 2.5 mM DTDP decreased the maximal Ca2+-activated force (to 64%), its Ca2+ sensitivity (DeltapCa(50) = 0.22 +/- 0.02), and the steepness of the Ca2+-force relation (n(Hill), from 2.01 +/- 0.08 to 1.76 +/- 0.08). These changes were paralleled by reductions in the free SH content of the proteins (to 15%) and in k(tr,max) (to 75%). SH-specific labeling identified SH oxidation of myosin light chain 1 and actin at DTDP concentrations at which the changes in the contractile parameters occurred. Our data suggest that SH oxidation in selected myofilament proteins diminishes the Ca2+-activated force and its Ca2+ sensitivity through an impaired Ca2+ regulation of the actin-myosin cycle in the human heart.

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