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Free radical research

Calcium ionophore-induced egg activation and apoptosis are associated with the generation of intracellular hydrogen peroxide.


PMID 18344115

Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate whether calcium ionophore-induced activation and apoptosis are associated with the generation of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in rat eggs cultured in vitro. Culture of metaphase-II (M-II) arrested eggs in Ca(2+)/Mg(2+)-deficient medium did not induce egg activation, while a second polar body was observed in 20% of eggs when cultured in Ca(2+)/Mg(2+)-supplemented medium. In Ca(2+)/Mg(2+)-deficient medium, lower concentrations of calcium ionophore (0.2,0.4 and 0.8 microm) not only induced egg activation in a dose-dependent manner but also generation of intracellular H(2)O(2) (84.40+/-0.50 ng/egg) when compared to control eggs (80.46+/-1.34 ng/egg). The higher concentration of calcium ionophore (1.6 microm) induced apoptosis and pronounced generation of intracellular H(2)O(2) (92.43+/-0.93 ng/egg) in treated eggs. Conversely, cell-permeant antioxidant such as 2(3)-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (BHA) reduced intracellular H(2)O(2) level (81.20+/-1.42 ng/egg) and protected against calcium ionophore-induced morphological changes characteristics of egg activation and apoptosis. These results clearly suggest that calcium ionophore-induced activation and apoptosis are associated with the generation of intracellular H(2)O(2) in rat eggs.

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