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Cellular and molecular neurobiology

Chemically induced accumulation of GAGs delays PrP(Sc) clearance but prolongs prion disease incubation time.


PMID 18350378

Abstract

Prion diseases are a group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases affecting humans and animals. The only identified component of the infectious prion is PrP(Sc), an aberrantly folded isoform of PrP(C). Glycosaminoglycans, which constitute the main receptor for prions on cells, play a complex role in the pathogenesis of prion diseases. For example, while agents inducing aberrant lysosomal accumulation of GAGs such as Tilorone and Quinacrine significantly reduced PrP(Sc) content in scrapie-infected cells, administration of Quinacrine to prion-infected subjects did not improve their clinical status. In this study, we investigated the association of PrP(Sc )with cells cultured with Tilorone. We found that while the initial incorporation of PrP(Sc) was similar in the treated and untreated cells, clearance of PrP(Sc) from the Tilorone-treated cells was significantly impaired. Interestingly, prolonged administration of Tilorone to mice prior to prion infection resulted in a significant delay in disease onset, concomitantly with in vivo accumulation of lysosomal GAGs. We hypothesize that GAGs may complex with newly incorporated PrP(Sc) in lysosomes and further stabilize the prion protein conformation. Over-stabilized PrP(Sc) molecules have been shown to comprise reduced converting activity.

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Tilorone dihydrochloride, 95%
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