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Biotechnology letters

Co-culture of arbuscular mycorrhiza-like fungi (Piriformospora indica and Sebacina vermifera) with plant cells of Linum album for enhanced production of podophyllotoxins: a first report.


PMID 18427926

Abstract

Cell suspension cultures of Linum album were developed from internode portions of in vitro germinated plant in Gamborg's B5 medium supplemented with 0.4 mg naphthalene acetic acid/l. The highest biomass was 8.5 g/l with podophyllotoxin and 6-methoxypodophyllotoxin at 29 and 1.9 mg/l, respectively after 12 d cultivation. Co-cultures of L. album cells with axenically cultivable arbuscular mycorrhiza-like fungi, Piriformospora indica and Sebacina vermifera, were established for the first time. These enhanced podophyllotoxin and 6-methoxypodophyllotoxin production by about four- and eight-fold, respectively, along with a 20% increase in biomass compared to the control cultures.