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Combinatorial chemistry & high throughput screening

Functional human 5-HT6 receptor assay for high throughput screening of chemical ligands and binding proteins.


PMID 18473741

Abstract

Continuous identification and validation of novel drug targets require the development of rapid, reliable, and sensitive cell-based high-throughput screening (HTS) methods for proposed targets. Recently, the 5-HT(6) receptor (5-HT(6)R), a member of the class of recently discovered 5-HT receptors, has received considerable attention for its possible implications in depression, cognition, and anxiety. However, the cellular signaling mechanisms of 5-HT(6)R are poorly understood due to the lack of selective 5-HT(6)R ligands. In the present study, we examined functional coupling of the human 5-HT(6)R, 5-HT(7A)R, or 5-HT(7B)R with various Galpha-proteins (Galpha(15), Galpha(qs5), or Galpha(qG66Ds5)) to develop a reliable cell-based HTS method for 5-HT receptors. Among variable couplings between 5-HT receptors and G-proteins, we found that functional coupling of human 5-HT(6)R with Galpha(qG66Ds5) produced the highest levels of Ca(2+) signaling in HEK293 cells as measured by the fluorescence-based HTS plate reader, FDSS6000. After validation of this new 5-HT(6)R HTS system (Z'-factor = 0.56) in 96-well plates and characterization of the pharmacological profile of the 5-HT(6)R, we screened approximately 500 synthetic chemical compounds including butanamide and benzenesulfonamide derivatives. Based on this preliminary screening, we found that the butanamide derivative LSG11104 produced an IC(50) value of 6.3 microM. This compound will serve as a lead structure for further chemical modification to develop novel 5-HT(6)R ligands. Furthermore, we demonstrated that this HTS method can be utilized to identify proteins that modulate 5-HT(6)R function and present Fyn tyrosine kinase as an example, which is already known as a 5-HT(6)R interacting protein. Taken together, these results suggest that the 5-HT(6)R/Galpha(qG66Ds5) FDSS6000 system can be utilized to screen for selective 5-HT(6)R ligands and to examine any functional relationships between 5-HT(6)R and its binding proteins.

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