Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: Inhibition of the new membrane-associated isoform XV with phenols.

PMID 18501600


Inhibition of the newest isoform of the metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC, CA XV, with a series of phenols was investigated. Murine CA XV showed an inhibition profile by phenols distinct of those of the cytosolic human isoforms CA I and II. Phenol and some of its 2-, 3-, and 4-substituted derivatives incorporating hydroxy, fluoro, carboxy, and acetamido moieties were effective CA XV inhibitors, with inhibition constants in the range of 7.20-11.30 microM, whereas compounds incorporating 4-amino-, 4-cyano, or 3-hydroxy groups were less effective (K(I)s of 335-434 microM). The best phenol inhibitor was clioquinol (K(I) of 2.33 microM). Phenols show a different inhibition mechanism as compared to sulfonamides and their isosteres, and may lead to the design of compounds with selectivity for inhibiting different CA isozymes with medicinal chemistry applications.