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Biodegradation

Proteomic and molecular investigation on the physiological adaptation of Comamonas sp. strain CNB-1 growing on 4-chloronitrobenzene.


PMID 18509595

Abstract

Comamonas sp. strain CNB-1 can utilize 4-chloronitrobenzene (4CNB) as sole carbon and nitrogen source for growth. Previous studies were focused on 4CNB degradative pathway and have showed that CNB-1 contained a plasmid pCNB1 harboring the genes (cnbABCaCbDEFGH, cnbZ) for the enzymes involving in 4CNB degradation, but only three gene products (CnbCa, CnbCb, and CnbZ) were identified in CNB-1 cells. Comamonas strain CNB-2 that lost pCNB1 was not able to grow on 4CNB. In this study, physiological adaptation to 4CNB by CNB-1 was investigated with proteomic and molecular tools. Comparative proteomes of strains CNB-1 and CNB-2 grown on 4CNB and/or succinate revealed that adaptation to 4CNB by CNB-1 included specific degradative pathway and general physiological responses: (1) Seven gene products (CnbA, CnbCa, CnbCb, CnbD, CnbE, CnbF, and CnbZ) for 4CNB degradation were identified in 4CNB-grown cells, and they were constitutively synthesized in CNB-1. Two genes cnbE and cnbF were cloned and simultaneously expressed in E. coli. The CnbE and CnbF together catalyzed the conversion of 2-oxohex-4-ene-5-chloro-1,6-dioate into 2-oxo-4-hydroxy-5-chloro-valeric acid; (2) Enzymes involving in glycolysis, tricarboxylic acid cycle, and synthesis of glutamate increased their abundances in 4CNB-grown cells.

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