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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Activation of pregnane X receptor and induction of MDR1 by dietary phytochemicals.


PMID 18540626

Abstract

The pregnane X receptor (PXR) is understood to be the key regulator for gene expression of such drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters as multidrug-resistant protein 1 (MDR1) and the cytochrome P450 (CYP) family. We examined the effect of dietary phytochemicals on the PXR-dependent transcriptional activity in human intestinal LS180 cells by using a reporter assay. Among approximately 40 kinds of phytochemicals, tangeretin and ginkgolides A and B markedly induced the PXR-dependent transcriptional activity and also the activity of the human MDR1 promoter. The expression levels of MDR1 mRNA as well as of CYP3A4 mRNA, another gene regulated by PXR, were significantly increased by these phytochemicals. Furthermore, an increase was observed of the MDR1 protein and its functional activity by tangeretin and by ginkgolides A and B. These findings strongly suggest that tangeretin and ginkgolides A and B activated PXR, thereby regulating detoxification enzymes and transporters in the intestines.

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T8951
Tangeretin, ≥95% (HPLC)
C20H20O7