The Journal of organic chemistry

Total synthesis of leustroducsin B.

PMID 18549287


Leustroducsin B was synthesized via a convergent route based on division of the leustroducsin molecule into three segments A, B, and C. Two coupling reactions (Julia coupling reaction and Nozaki-Hiyama-Kishi (NHK) reaction) were employed for coupling of segments A and B: segment A1 for the Julia coupling reaction was prepared by a combination of Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation and an epoxide-cleavage reaction with an organoaluminum reagent, while segment A2 for the NHK reaction was synthesized from optically active alcohol that had previously been prepared by lipase-catalyzed kinetic resolution. Segment B, whose structure was modified with some functional groups, was synthesized from (R)-malic acid by a combination of Wittig reaction and Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation, and segment C, containing a cyclohexane moiety, was prepared by asymmetric Diels-Alder reaction. Segment B was first coupled with segment A1 via the Julia coupling reaction, but the yield was low due to unexpected epimerization. The NHK reaction of segment A2 proceeded to give the coupling product in good yield. This product was coupled with segment C via Wittig and Stille coupling reactions, and finally, phosphorylation was carried out by partial hydrolysis of a cyclic phosphate to give leustroducsin B.

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