Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Synthesis, DNA binding, and cytotoxic evaluation of new analogs of diallyldisulfide, an active principle of garlic.

PMID 18595719


Diallyldisulfide (DADS), an active principle of garlic (Allium sativum) is known for its antihyperlipidemic properties. However, its use is limited due to its extreme volatility. In the present study, we have synthesized and characterized a series of six new DADS analogs and investigated their interactions with different DNA duplexes. The spectroscopic and circular dichroism (CD) analyses revealed that DADS analogs bind preferentially with GC rich sequences. Thermodynamic parameters suggest that DADS analogs stabilize the calf thymus (CT) DNA and GC rich duplex by favorable enthalpic gains and follow the hierarchy, d(GC)(7)>CT DNA>d(AT)(10). Further, DADS analogs are less toxic and equally effective as the statins. The analogs therefore have a good potential to provide a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of cardiovascular and related diseases.