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Inorganic chemistry

Synthesis, structure, spectroscopic properties, and antiproliferative activity in vitro of novel osmium(III) complexes with azole heterocycles.


PMID 18597450

Abstract

Reactions of (H 2azole) 2[OsCl 6], where Hazole = pyrazole, Hpz, ( 1), indazole, Hind, ( 2), imidazole, Him, ( 3) and benzimidazole, Hbzim, ( 4) with the corresponding azole heterocycle in 1:4 molar ratio in boiling isoamyl alcohol or hexanol-1 afforded novel water-soluble osmium(III) complexes of the type trans-[OsCl 2(Hazole) 4]Cl, where Hazole = Hpz ( 5a), Hind ( 6a), Him ( 7a), and Hbzim ( 9a) in 50-70% ( 5a, 7a, 9a) and 5% ( 6a) yields. The synthesis of 7a was accompanied by a concurrent reaction which led to minor formation (<4%) of cis-[OsCl 2(Him) 4]Cl ( 8). The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, UV-vis spectroscopy, ESI mass spectrometry, cyclic voltammetry, and X-ray crystallography. 5a, 7a, and 9a were found to possess remarkable antiproliferative activity in vitro against A549 (non-small cell lung carcinoma), CH1 (ovarian carcinoma), and SW480 (colon carcinoma) cells, which was compared with that of related ruthenium compounds trans-[RuCl 2(Hazole) 4]Cl, where Hazole = Hpz (5b), Hind (6b), Him (7b), and Hbzim (9b).

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