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Journal of medicinal chemistry

Novel analogues of istaroxime, a potent inhibitor of Na+,K+-ATPase: synthesis and structure-activity relationship.


PMID 18637667

Abstract

We report the synthesis and biological properties of novel inhibitors of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase as positive inotropic compounds. Following our previously described model from which Istaroxime was generated, the 5alpha,14alpha-androstane skeleton was used as a scaffold to study the space around the basic chain of our lead compound. Some compounds demonstrated higher potencies than Istaroxime on the receptor and the (E)-3-[(R)-3-pyrrolidinyl]oxime derivative, 15, was the most potent; as further confirmation of our model, the E isomers of the oxime are more potent than the Z form. The compounds tested in the guinea pig model induced positive inotropic effects, which are correlated to the in vitro inhibitory potency on the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. The finding that all tested compounds resulted less proarrhythmogenic than digoxin, a currently clinically used positive inotropic agent, suggests that this could be a feature of the 3-aminoalkyloxime derivative class of 5alpha,14alpha-androstane.

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