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The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

Cocaine pharmacokinetics in the pregnant guinea pig.


PMID 1865351

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of cocaine (COC) were studied during late gestation in guinea pigs. Clearance (Cl) was not dose-dependent and the average +/- S.D. was 59 +/- 16 ml/min/kg over the i.v. dose range of 2 to 12 mg/kg. Volume of distribution at steady state (Vdss), mean resident time (MRT) and elimination half-life (T1/2) were dose-dependent over this dose range with changes occurring between the 2 and the 4 mg/kg dose of COC. Vdss was 2.1 and 3.9 l/kg. MRT time was 42 and 57 min, and elimination T1/2 was 34 and 49 min at the 2 and 4 mg/kg dose, respectively. Cl and Vdss values after 2 to 20 mg/kg of COC s.c. were similar to those after i.v. administration, whereas MRT was significantly greater as a result of delayed absorption. Absorption of COC s.c. was nearly complete (84%) and had a T1/2 of 51 min. Benzoylecgonine (BE) and benzoylnorecgonine (NOR) were major and persistent metabolites of COC. Norcocaine was present after COC doses of 4 mg/kg or higher but could only be detected during the first 2 hr.

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