Biochemical pharmacology

Comparative effects of LN 5330 and diazoxide on insulin release and 86Rb+ permeability in perifused rat islets of Langerhans.

PMID 1867635


The benzothiadiazine derivative LN 5330 (chloro-7 trifluoromethyl-6 benzothiadiazine-1,2,4-dioxide-1,1) has been shown to inhibit insulin secretion and calcium uptake. The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of LN 5330 on insulin release and 86Rb- efflux from perifused rat pancreatic islets; a comparison was made with the structural analogue diazoxide. In the presence of 8.3 mM glucose, LN 5330 (100 microM) accelerated 86Rb+ efflux while reducing insulin output from the islets. LN 5330 induced a dose-dependent acceleration of 86Rb+ efflux and appeared to be a more potent activator of 86Rb+ efflux than diazoxide. The stimulatory effect of LN 5330 on 86Rb+ efflux persisted in the absence of extracellular calcium. In the absence of glucose, 86Rb+ permeability also increased, LN 5330 being again significantly more efficient than diazoxide at an equimolar concentration. These data indicate that the benzothiadiazine derivative LN 5330 inhibits insulin secretion by increasing the potassium permeability of the plasma membrane. It is suggested that, like diazoxide, this drug could activate the ATP-sensitive K+ channel.