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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Analysis of sugars in Chinese rice wine by Fourier transform near-infrared spectroscopy with partial least-squares regression.


PMID 18680372

Abstract

The feasibility of rapid analysis for oligosaccharides, including isomaltose, isomaltotriose, maltose, and panose, in Chinese rice wine by Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy together with partial least-squares regression (PLSR) was studied in this work. Forty samples of five brewing years (1996, 1998, 2001, 2003, and 2005) were analyzed by NIR transmission spectroscopy with seven optical path lengths (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, and 5 mm) between 800 and 2500 nm. Calibration models were established by PLSR with full cross-validation and using high-performance anion-exchange chromatography coupled with pulsed amperometric detection as a reference method. The optimal models were obtained through wavelength selection, in which the correlation coefficients of calibration (r(cal)) for the four sugars were 0.911, 0.938, 0.925, and 0.966, and the root-mean-square errors of calibrations were 0.157, 0.147, 0.358, and 0.355 g/L, respectively. The validation accuracy of the four models, with correlation coefficients of cross-validation (r(cv)) being 0.718, 0.793, 0.681, and 0.873, were not very satisfactory. This might be due to the low concentrations of the four sugars in Chinese rice wine and the influence of some components having structures similar to those of the four sugars. The results obtained in this study indicated that the NIR spectroscopy technique offers screening capability for isomaltose, isomaltotriose, maltose, and panose in Chinese rice wine. Further studies with a larger Chinese rice wine sample should be done to improve the specificity, prediction accuracy, and robustness of the models.

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