Amino acids

Role of transglutaminase 2 in quercetin-induced differentiation of B16-F10 murine melanoma cells.

PMID 18688565


Flavonoids belong to the class of plant polyphenolic compounds with over 6,000 individual structures known. These phytochemicals have attracted the interest of the scientists, because they possess a remarkable spectrum of biological activities, such as antiallergic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic. In this work, we compared the anticancer potential of two flavonoids, quercetin and pelargonidin, on highly metastatic B16-F10 melanoma murine cells. We have evaluated different parameters related to cell proliferation and differentiation, such as cell number, toxicity, intracellular content of polyamines and transglutaminase (TG, EC activity. The higher inhibition of tumor cell growth, with respect to control, was obtained with quercetin cell treatment, i.e. 32% reduction after 48 h and 39% reduction after 72 h of incubation (P < 0.001). In parallel, quercetin-treated cells showed a similar decrease in polyamine content. TG activity was fourfold increased, with respect to control, after 48 h and twofold increased after 72 h (P < 0.001). Pelargonidin treatment did not show significant antiproliferative effects and any increase in TG activity. Proteomic approach was used to investigate changes in protein expression profiles in tumor cells following quercetin treatment. Changes in expression of 60 proteins were detected, i.e. 8 proteins were down-regulated, 35 up-regulated, 11 "de novo" synthetized proteins and 6 suppressed proteins were present in treated cells. A 80 kDa spot, identified as TG type 2 by Western blot analysis, presented a fourfold increase in intensity, confirming the key role played by TG in the induction of cancer cell differentiation.

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Pelargonidin chloride