Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)

Aggregated bovine IgG inhibits mannose receptor expression of murine bone marrow-derived macrophages via activation.

PMID 1869830


We previously described the presence of an inhibitory protein contained in the 20 to 40% (NH4)2SO4 precipitable fraction of FCS that down-regulates expression of mannose receptors on bone marrow-derived macrophages. We now identify aggregated bovine IgG as the main inhibitory component. Heat-aggregated bovine IgG was capable of down-regulating expression of the macrophage mannose receptor in a dose-dependent manner without inducing changes in ligand affinity whereas neither F(ab')2 fragments nor nonaggregated IgG displayed any inhibitory effect. Depleting of IgG from heat inactivated FCS by protein G affinity chromatography completely removes the inhibitory activity. Moreover, readdition of the Ig eluate from the protein G chromatography column restored inhibition in a dose-dependent manner. Macrophages were able to clear exogenously added aggregated bovine IgG, thus leading to loss of inhibitory activity in macrophage-conditioned media as compared to sham-conditioned media containing aggregated IgG. These results indicate that aggregated IgG down-regulates mannose receptor expression by macrophage activation via interaction with Fc-gamma R.

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