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Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

Simulations of lipid adsorption on TiO2 surfaces in solution.


PMID 18712891

Abstract

Molecular dynamics simulations are carried out to study the adsorption of three lipids, namely, DOPC, DOPS, and DMTAP, on TiO2(110) rutile surfaces and the influence of the interface on their conformational properties. Three types of rutile (110) surfaces, characterized by a different degree of hydroxylation (the neutral nonhydroxylated and hydroxylated surfaces and a partially hydroxylated surface with charge density corresponding to physiological pH) are investigated using force fields derived from ab initio calculations and experimental data. It is found that the stability of the adsorbate and the strength of the attachment are strictly connected with the nature of both the lipid and the surface. Direct coordination of the phosphate or carbonyl oxygens of the lipids with available titanium sites, observed in the case of partially or nonhydroxylated layers, determines stronger adsorption and, as a consequence, reduced dynamics. For a given hydration state of the surface, the adsorption strengths are in the order DOPS > DOPC > DMTAP, in agreement with experimental data according to which the presence of DOPS units inside lipid bilayers favors stronger adsorption and lower mobility. The adsorption geometry, the hydration state of the lipid headgroups, and the dynamical processes (detachment, diffusion, etc.) occurring at the lipid/oxide interface are analyzed in detail, putting on a roughly quantitative basis time scales and energy barriers of the latter processes.

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