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Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

Preparation of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) emulsion gels and their drug release behaviors.


PMID 18790619

Abstract

Stimuli-sensitive drug delivery systems (DDSs) have attracted considerable attention in medical and pharmaceutical fields; thermosensitive DDS dealing with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (poly(NIPA)) have been widely studied. Novel NIPA emulsion gels, i.e., NIPA hydrogels containing distributed oil (oleyl alcohol) microdroplets, were synthesized by means of an emulsion-gelation method in which the polymerization of hydrogels in an aqueous phase in an oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion and the loading of a lipophilic drug (indomethacin) dissolved in an oil phase were accomplished simultaneously. The pulsatile (on-off) drug release from the NIPA emulsion gel loading indomethacin to a phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution was successfully controlled by a temperature swing between 25 degrees C (release off) and 40 degrees C (release on). The mechanism of the pulsatile drug release was discussed in relation to the diffusion rate, distribution ratio, solvent exchange of NIPA hydrogels, and drug release from an NIPA organogel. The mechanism was as follows: the solvent exchange occurred within the NIPA emulsion gel (the NIPA gel-network absorbed oleyl alcohol with indomethacin) at temperatures above the LCST, and the diffusion rate of indomethacin through the solvent-exchanged gel was higher at 40 degrees C than at 25 degrees C.

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