Journal of fluorescence

Spectral investigations of solvatochromism and preferential solvation on 1,4-dihydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-9,10-anthraquinone.

PMID 18792764


Solvatochromic and preferential solvation of 1,4-dihydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-9,10-anthraquinone (DHDMAQ) have been investigated using optical absorption and fluorescence emission techniques. Optical absorption spectra of DHDMAQ in different solvents show the intra molecular charge transfer band in the region 400-550 nm. The observed blue shift with solvent polarity indicates the delocalisation of the excited state, owing to reduction in quasiaromaticity of the chelate rings formed by intra molecular hydrogen bonds, due to electrostatic or hydrogen bonding interaction. This is also confirmed by the observed low oscillator strength and the transition dipole moment. The observed quantum yield of DHDMAQ in different solvents is due to the inter molecular hydrogen bond in the excited state in addition to the intra molecular hydrogen bond. It also reveals from the low oscillator strength, which indicates that the radiative decay is low. Excited state dipole moment of DHDMAQ is calculated by solvatochromic data and it shows a lower value than ground state dipole moment. The preferential solvation parameter shows that in dimethyl formamide (DMF)+ethanol mixture, the DHDMAQ is preferentially solvated by ethanol in DMF rich region and by DMF in ethanol rich region. In the case of DMF+dichloromethane mixture DHDMAQ is preferentially solvated by DMF.