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Journal of neurochemistry

Regulation of DARPP-32 phosphorylation by three distinct dopamine D1-like receptor signaling pathways in the neostriatum.


PMID 18823371

Abstract

Dopamine D(1)-like receptors play a key role in dopaminergic signaling. In addition to G(s/olf)/adenylyl cyclase (AC)-coupled D(1) receptors, the presence of D(1)-like receptors coupled to G(q)/phospholipase C (PLC) has been proposed. Benzazepine D(1) receptor agonists are known to differentially activate G(s/olf)/AC and G(q)/PLC signaling. By utilizing SKF83959 and SKF83822, we investigated the D(1)-like receptor signaling cascades, which regulate DARPP-32 phosphorylation at Thr34 (the PKA-site) in mouse neostriatal slices. Treatment with SKF83959 or SKF83822 increased DARPP-32 phosphorylation. The SKF83959- and SKF83822-induced increase in DARPP-32 phosphorylation was largely, but partially, antagonized by a D(1) receptor antagonist, SCH23390, and the residual SCH23390-insensitive increase was abolished by an adenosine A(2A) receptor antagonist. In addition, the SKF83959-induced, SCH23390-sensitive increase in DARPP-32 phosphorylation was enhanced by a PLC inhibitor. Analysis in slices from D(1)R/D(2)R-DARPP-32 mice revealed that both D(1) receptor agonists regulate DARPP-32 phosphorylation in striatonigral, but not in striatopallidal, neurons. Thus, dopamine D(1)-like receptors are coupled to three signaling cascades in striatonigral neurons: (i) SCH23390-sensitive G(s/olf)/AC/PKA, (ii) adenosine A(2A) receptor-dependent G(s/olf)/AC/PKA, and (iii) G(q)/PLC signaling. Interestingly, G(q)/PLC signaling interacts with SCH23390-sensitive G(s/olf)/AC/PKA signaling, resulting in its inhibition. Three signaling cascades activated by D(1)-like receptors likely play a distinct role in dopaminergic regulation of psychomotor functions.

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S2816
SKF-83959 hydrobromide, ≥98% (HPLC), solid
C18H20NClO2 · HBr