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Analytical chemistry

Assay for glucosamine 6-phosphate using a ligand-activated ribozyme with fluorescence resonance energy transfer or CE-laser-induced fluorescence detection.


PMID 18842060

Abstract

A naturally occurring aptazyme, the glmS ribozyme, is adapted to an assay for glucosamine 6-phosphate, an effector molecule for the aptazyme. In the assay, binding of analyte allosterically activates aptazyme to cleave a fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide substrate. The extent of reaction, and hence analyte concentration, is detected by either fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) or capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence (CE-LIF). With FRET, assay signal is the rate of increase in FRET in presence of analyte. With CE-LIF, the assay signal is the peak height of cleavage product formed after a fixed incubation time. The assay has a linear response up to 100 (CE-LIF) or 500 microM (FRET) and detection limit of approximately 500 nM for glucosamine 6-phosphate under single-turnover conditions. When substrate is present in excess of the aptazyme, it is possible to amplify the signal by multiple turnovers to achieve a 13-fold improvement in sensitivity and detection limit of 50 nM. Successful signal amplification requires a temperature cycle to alternately dissociate cleaved substrate and allow fresh substrate to bind aptazyme. The results show that aptazymes have potential utility as analytical reagents for quantification of effector molecules.

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