Nihon Naibunpi Gakkai zasshi

[19-Hydroxyandrostenedione in human ovarian vein measured by GC-MS].

PMID 1889511


Nineteen-hydroxyandrostenedione (19-OHA) is considered to be an obligatory intermediate of estrogen synthesis. To clarify the role of 19-OHA in the human ovary, the following experiments were undertaken. Ovarian and peripheral vein blood in mid follicular and luteal phase were obtained from 14 women during gynecological surgery. The concentrations of androstenedione (A), testosterone (T), 19-OHA, estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2) were measured by gas chromatography mass spectrometry using deuterium-labeled steroids as internal standard. The effect of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on those steroids was also studied in mid luteal phase. The concentrations of 19-OHA in ovarian vein were 1.20 +/- 0.16 ng/ml (mean +/- SE) in mid follicular and 0.78 +/- 0.18 ng/ml in mid luteal phase. The steroid levels measured in ovarian vein were significantly higher than those in peripheral vein. Though the administration of hCG in mid luteal phase enhanced A and E2 levels in ovarian vein, the levels of T, 19-OHA and E1 were not altered. Significant correlation between the levels of E2 and A was observed while none of the steroids correlated with 19-OHA. These results suggest, for the first time, that 19-OHA is produced and secreted from the human ovary. The question as to the physiological and biosynthetic role of ovarian 19-OHA has to be answered in the future.

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19-Hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione, ≥90% (HPLC)