ORL; journal for oto-rhino-laryngology and its related specialties

In vivo efficacy of marimastat and chemoradiation in head and neck cancer xenografts.

PMID 18931526


To assess the effect of combining a synthetic matrix metalloprotease inhibitor and chemoradiation therapy on tumor growth in a murine model of head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC). Athymic, nude mice bearing SCC-1 xenografts were used to comprise 4 treatment groups: (1) control receiving vehicle alone, (2) marimastat alone, (3) cisplatin + radiation in combination and (4) marimastat + cisplatin + radiation in combination. The marimastat was administered at a dose of 8.7 mg/kg/day over a 14-day period via a subcutaneous osmotic pump. The control group received vehicle only via a subcutaneous osmotic pump. Radiotherapy was given in 4 fractions of 8 Gy divided over days 8, 12, 16 and 20 with 4 intraperitoneal doses of cisplatin (3 mg/kg) 1 h before each fraction of radiation. Animals receiving triple treatment had delayed growth, measured as lengthened tumor doubling time, compared to the cisplatin + radiation combination (p = 0.03). Also, compared to control, the triple-treatment group (p = 0.005) had delayed growth in terms of doubling time. Factor VIII immunohistochemistry to assess microvessel density did not demonstrate a reduction in neovascularization between the triple-treatment and cisplatin + radiation combination groups. Statistical analysis failed to demonstrate any significant difference among groups. Chemoradiation + marimastat therapy had delayed tumor growth, compared to the chemoradiation alone. Based on these results, marimastat may work in combination with chemotherapy and radiation to inhibit tumor growth.

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Marimastat, ≥98% (HPLC)