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Biotechnology and bioengineering

Engineering of the alpha-amylase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus US100 for detergent incorporation.


PMID 18951544

Abstract

AmyUS100DeltaIG is a variant of the most thermoactive and thermostable maltohexaose forming alpha-amylase produced by Geobacillus stearothermophilus sp.US100. This enzyme which was designed to improve the thermostability of the wild-type enzyme has acquired a very high resistance to chelator agents. According to modeling structural studies and with the aim of enhancing its resistance towards chemical oxidation, a mutant (AmyUS100DeltaIG/M197A) was created by substituting methionine 197 to alanine. The catalytic proprieties of the resulting mutant show alterations in the specific activity and the profile of starch hydrolysis. Interestingly, AmyUS100DeltaIG/M197A displayed the highest resistance to oxidation compared to the AmyUS100DeltaIG and to Termamyl300, the well-known commercial amylase used in detergent. Further, performance of the engineered alpha-amylase was estimated in the presence of commonly used detergent compounds and a wide range of commercial detergent (liquid and solid). These studies indicated a high compatibility and performance of AmyUS100DeltaIG/M197A, suggesting its potential application in detergent industry.

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M9153
Maltohexaose, ≥65% (HPLC)
C36H62O31