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Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry

Mitochondrial nitrite reduction coupled to soluble guanylate cyclase activation: lack of evidence for a role in the bioactivation of nitroglycerin.


PMID 18951990

Abstract

Reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide (NO) by components of the mitochondrial respiratory chain may link nitroglycerin biotransformation by mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) to activation of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). We used purified sGC as detector for NO-like bioactivity generated from nitrite and GTN by isolated heart and liver mitochondria. Exogenous NADH caused a pronounced increase in oxygen consumption that was completely inhibited by myxothiazol and cyanide. Oxygen depletion of cardiac mitochondria by NADH was accompanied by activation of sGC and cyanide-sensitive formation of NO. Mitochondrial biotransformation of nitroglycerin was sensitive to ALDH2 inhibitors and coupled to sGC activation but not affected by respiratory substrates or inhibitors. Our data suggest that cytochrome c oxidase catalyzes reduction of nitrite to NO at low O(2) tension but argue against the involvement of this pathway in mitochondrial bioactivation of nitroglycerin.

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