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International journal of biological macromolecules

Thiol dependent isomerization of bovine albumin.


PMID 18984002

Abstract

Albumin isomerizes to the aged form in the presence of cysteine at pH 8.9 and low ionic strength. Albumins with a high fatty acid and Cu(II) content do not produce isomers, and recover this capacity after an acid expansion. Isomers have the free thiol group fully oxidized (non-mercaptalbumin) and have been isolated for the first time from aged albumins by anion and cation exchange chromatography. Isomers have a higher susceptibility to limited tryptic digestion and show a decrease in the fluorescence of bound dansylamide, a typical marker of site I. Aging in the presence of phenylarsine oxide, which complexes vicinal thiols, impairs the formation of isomers and increases the free -SH groups of albumin.