EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Journal of natural medicines

Cardiotonic effect of Apocynum venetum L. extracts on isolated guinea pig atrium.


PMID 19002560

Abstract

The effects on guinea-pig heart muscle of extracts of Apocynum venetum L. leaf, root, stem, old stem and Venetron--a polyphenol-rich extract of leaves--were studied by recording the mechanical activity and heart rate of isolated right atria. Cymarin--a cardiac glycoside--was also determined in A. venetum extracts by LC-MS/MS analysis. All extracts examined here showed a weak cardiotonic effect, i.e., induced a contractile response of the isolated atria and increased the pulse at a concentration of 1 mg/mL, which was not inhibited by propranolol (1 microM)-a beta-adrenoceptor blocker. The cymarin content in extracts of A. venetum was ranked as follows: old stem > stem > root > leaf > Venetron. Since the cardiotonic effects of A. venetum extracts did not reflect the cymarin content, a possible mechanism other than that of cardiac glycosides was investigated. The inhibitory effects on phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) were studied in a cell-free enzyme assay; all extracts of various parts of A. venetum inhibited PDE purified from human platelets. These results suggest that PDE3 inhibition may contribute to the cardiotonic effects of A. venetum extracts.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

30030
Cymarin, ≥96% (HPLC)
C30H44O9