Journal of hypertension

Monoclonal antibody to an endogenous bufadienolide, marinobufagenin, reverses preeclampsia-induced Na/K-ATPase inhibition and lowers blood pressure in NaCl-sensitive hypertension.

PMID 19008721


Levels of marinobufagenin (MBG), an endogenous bufadienolide Na/K-ATPase (NKA) inhibitor, increase in preeclampsia and in NaCl-sensitive hypertension. We tested a 3E9 monoclonal anti-MBG antibody (mAb) for the ability to lower blood pressure (BP) in NaCl-sensitive hypertension and to reverse the preeclampsia-induced inhibition of erythrocyte NKA. Measurements of MBG were performed via immunoassay based on 4G4 anti-MBG mAb. In hypertensive Dahl-S rats, intraperitoneal administration of 50 microg/kg 3E9 mAb lowered BP by 32 mmHg and activated the Na/K-pump in the thoracic aorta by 51%. NaCl supplementation of pregnant rats (n = 16) produced a 37 mmHg increase in BP, a 3.5-fold rise in MBG excretion, and a 25% inhibition of the Na/K-pump in the thoracic aorta, compared with pregnant rats on a normal NaCl intake. In eight pregnant hypertensive rats, 3E9 mAb reduced the BP (21 mmHg) and restored the vascular Na/K-pump. In 14 patients with preeclampsia (mean BP, 126 +/- 3 mmHg; 26.9 +/- 1.4 years; gestational age, 37 +/- 0.8 weeks), plasma MBG was increased three-fold and erythrocyte NKA was inhibited compared with that of 12 normotensive pregnant women (mean BP, 71 +/- 3 mmHg) (1.5 +/- 0.1 vs. 3.1 +/- 0.2 micromol Pi/ml/h, respectively; P < 0.01). Ex-vivo 3E9 mAb restored NKA activity in erythrocytes from patients with preeclampsia. As compared with 3E9 mAb, Digibind, an affinity-purified antidigoxin antibody, was less active with respect to lowering BP in both hypertensive models and to restoration of NKA from erythrocytes from patients with preeclampsia. Anti-MBG mAbs may be a useful tool in studies of MBG in vitro and in vivo and may offer treatment of preeclampsia.