Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology

Torcetrapib differentially modulates the biological activities of HDL2 and HDL3 particles in the reverse cholesterol transport pathway.

PMID 19038848


Therapeutic strategies to raise low plasma HDL-cholesterol levels, with concomitant normalization of the intravascular metabolism, physicochemical properties, and antiatherogenic function of HDL particles, are a major focus in atherosclerosis prevention. Patients displaying Type IIB hyperlipidemia (n=14) and healthy controls (n=11) were recruited. After drug washout, dyslipidemic patients first received atorvastatin (10 mg/d) for 6 weeks and subsequently torcetrapib/atorvastatin (60/10 mg/d) for the same period. Partial CETP inhibition markedly reduced supranormal CE transfer rates to normal levels from HDL3 (-58%; P<0.0001) to apoB-lipoproteins; endogenous CE transfer rates from HDL2 to apoB-lipoproteins were markedly subnormal as compared to those in control subjects (10.7+/-0.9 versus 29.3+/-4.8 microg CE/h/mL plasma, respectively). Torcetrapib enhanced the subnormal capacity of HDL2 particles from dyslipidemic patients to mediate free cholesterol efflux via both SR-BI and ABCG1 pathways (+38%; P<0.003 and +35%; P<0.03, respectively) as compared to baseline. In vitro observations and in vivo studies in mice demonstrated that CETP inhibition was associated with an enhanced selective hepatic uptake of CE from HDL particles (1.7-fold; P<0.0003). CETP inhibition partially corrected the abnormal physicochemical and functional properties of HDL2 and HDL3 particles in type IIB hyperlipidemia. Enhanced hepatic selective uptake of HDL-CE may compensate for attenuated indirect CE transfer to apoB-containing lipoproteins via CETP attributable to torcetrapib.

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Torcetrapib, ≥98% (HPLC)