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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Screening and identification of precursor compounds of dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS) in Japanese sake.


PMID 19090758

Abstract

Dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS) is involved in the unpalatable aroma of stale sake, called "hineka"; however, the mechanism underlying the formation of DMTS during the storage of sake has not been elucidated. This paper investigates the precursors of DMTS in sake. An experiment using [methyl-d(3)]-methionine showed that Strecker degradation of methionine plays a minor role in the formation of DMTS. Separation of components in sake by cation exchange resin revealed that DMTS precursors are present in the acidic/neutral fraction rather than in the basic one. Purification of the DMTS precursor compounds was carried out through several chromatographic steps, measuring DMTS-producing potential as an index. High-resolution ESI-MS and 1D/2D NMR experiments enabled the identification of one of the precursor compounds as 1,2-dihydroxy-5-(methylsulfinyl)pentan-3-one.

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