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Theriogenology

The roles of PGF(2alpha) and PGE(2) in regression of the corpus luteum after intrauterine infusion of Arcanobacterium pyogenes in cows.


PMID 19095297

Abstract

To study the effect of bacteria in the uterus on the fate of the corpus luteum (CL), Arcanobacterium pyogenes was inoculated into the uteri of cows on Day 3 (Day 0=day of spontaneous ovulation). Plasma concentrations of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF(2alpha) (PGFM), 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGE(2) (PGEM) and progesterone (P(4)) were determined. In five cows, the developing CL regressed and first-wave dominant follicles, which normally become atretic, ovulated (Group OV) after bacterial inoculation. In another five cows (Group NOV) and five control cows, the developing CL did not regress and first-wave dominant follicles did not ovulate. In Group OV, PGFM concentrations increased by 126.2pg/mL (from 36.8+/-7.8pg/mL on Day 3 to 163+/-37.2pg/mL on Day 6), with an increase ratio of 5.8-fold. Conversely, in Group NOV, PGFM had a greater increase of 198.4pg/mL (from 128.2+/-27.8pg/mL on Day 3 to 326.6+/-115.1pg/mL on Day 5), but the increase ratio was only 2.3-fold. Although PGEM tended to increase in both groups, raw increases and increase ratios were small. Bacterial inoculation into the uterus stimulated the release of prostaglandins and affected the fate of the CL; in that regard, the CL was affected more by PGF(2alpha) than by PGE(2), and the increase ratio of PGF(2alpha) was more important than the raw increase.

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D0286
13,14-Dihydro-15-ketoprostaglandin E2 solution, ~90%
C20H32O5